TYPE 2 diabetes is a common condition in the US often caused by being overweight or obese. It’s recommended a person with this type of diabetes eat a healthy, balanced diet, alongside regular exercise and losing weight. But when it comes to what to eat for dinner, what food should you be including in your diet?
Type 2 diabetes is where the body can’t control the amount of glucose in the blood and a person’s blood glucose levels become too high.
Among causes such as having a close family member with the condition, being overweight or obese can put you at risk of type 2 diabetes.
Those with the condition are recommended to make changes to their diet. Bupa advises to eat a healthy balanced diet with regular meals, three times a day.
In general, the fat, sugar and salt content in food should be reduced, more fruit and vegetables should be included, and portion sizes should be reduced. More specifically, what can a person with the condition eat for dinner?
Diabetes UK recommends a number of different meals you could have for dinner. These include lasagne and salad, roast chicken with potatoes and vegetables, and beef stir-fry, vegetables and rice.
More ideas it suggests are chicken tortillas and salad, salmon and noodles, and curry and rice.
It explains: “These ideas may not look much different from what you eat already, and your favourite recipes and meals can usually be adapted to be healthier without you noticing too much difference.
“Making any of these changes would certainly help, but there is no need to go over the top and radically change everything in the early days after your diabetes diagnosis – it makes it much harder to stick to in the longer term.”
Type 2 diabetes is usually picked up during a routine medical examination or screening test for non-related health problems.
But if signs do show, one to note is feeling hungry – particularly if you feel hungry shortly after eating, which is known as polyphagia.
This is recognised as one of the main symptoms of diabetes and occurs as a result of glucose from the blood not being able to enter the cells.
Diabetes.co.uk explains: “In uncontrolled diabetes where blood glucose levels remain abnormally high, glucose from the blood cannot enter the cells – due to either a lack of insulin or insulin resistance – so the body can’t convert the food you eat into energy. This lack of energy causes an increase in hunger.
“Simply eating will not get rid of the hungry feeling of polyphagia in people with uncontrolled diabetes, as this will just add to the already high blood glucose levels.
“The best way to lower blood glucose levels is to exercise as this can help to stimulate insulin production and reduce blood sugar levels.”
But polyphagia can also be caused by anxiety, stress, depression, and certain prescription drugs such as corticosteroids.
There are nine other symptoms of type 2 diabetes to be wary of, from eating patterns to toilet habits.
Often feeling hungry can be a sign, particularly if you feel hungry shortly after eating.
Urinating more often than normal can indicate the condition, particularly needing to do so during the night.
Feeling abnormally thirsty
This is known as polydipsia.
People with the condition may experience blurred vision.
Itching of the skin
Particularly itchiness around the genitals.
Cuts or wounds
These tend to heal slower in people with type 2 diabetes.
Having regular yeast infections is a notable sign.
Having a skin disorder such as psoriasis or acanthosis nigricans.
Sudden weight loss or loss of muscle mass.